Is the 1926/27 T a T-Bucket? Let’s settle that and cover a few more things.

From time to time, I hear people say “You can’t really call a 1926/27 T a T-Bucket.” But I say you can. And here’s why.

1926/27 T a T-Bucket Stan Johnson
Stan Johnson’s beautiful 1926/27 “T-Bucket”

Somebody will see a 1926 or 1927 T roadster like Stan Johnson’s beauty I had the pleasure of seeing again in Wisconsin this weekend and say, “That’s a T modified or a Lakes Modified. It’s not really a T-Bucket.” (We’ll have more pics of Stan’s T in a future story.)

1927 T Roadster Charles Tunnell
Charles and Lavelle Tunnell’s 1927 T-Bucket roadster

Or someone else will be admiring Charles and Lavelle Tunnell’s 1927 T and mention that it’s a really sweet T roadster, but not one of those T-Buckets. Hey, I’ll do it myself sometimes because I might think the T owner would feel I wasn’t giving the car proper respect calling it a T-Bucket.

T roadster, modified, lakes modified are all proper terms when referring to a particular type of 1926/27 T roadster. And so is T-Bucket. Here’s why.

Why it’s also correct to call a 1926/27 T a T-Bucket

Let’s start with some fun Model T and T-Bucket hot rod history.

1924 Ford Model T Runabout Advertisement
1924 Ford Model T Runabout Advertisement

The term T-Bucket refers to a Ford Model T two-passenger body, known back in the day as a “runabout” as shown in the above ad. (Yeah, that’s a crazy price for a new car. But, in 1924 the average annual income was $2196, a new house cost $7720 and gas was 11 cents a gallon. Before you get too excited: a Victrola record player was $150 and life expectancy was 54.1 years!)

T-Bucket Body Drawing

More specifically, T-Bucket refers to the passenger compartment of a Model T runabout body, which does look somewhat like a big bucket when viewed by itself. Once it’s built up as a hot rod it doesn’t make any difference whether it has a turtle deck, pickup bed or nothing else behind the “bucket” it’s known as a T-Bucket.

Norm Grabowski Kookie Car T-Bucket Life Magazine April 29 1957

While I don’t know when the term T-Bucket originated its use became much more popular after Norm Grabowski’s radical T roadster appeared in LIFE magazine in 1957, and a year later on the television series 77 Sunset Strip.

It’s ironic that what’s undoubtedly the most widely known T-Bucket really isn’t based on a Model T runabout. Say what?

Norm Grabowski T-Bucket Blackie Gejeian Influence
Young Norm Grabowski in his 1922 T roadster.

In 1952 when Norm Grabowski set out to build a hot rod he bought a Model A for $100, kept the chassis and ditched the Model A body in favor of a smaller, lighter Model T body. But availability and budget didn’t match up in terms of a desired Model T runabout body. Instead, some creativity was applied to the more mundane Model T touring car.

Model T touring body

What Norm used for his T-Bucket was just the forward portion of the touring body, with the rear passenger section left for the scrap pile.

1915-1925 Model T touring body front half

The photo above shows what Norm basically used for his body.

Kookie Kar T-Bucket

The telltale sign of the use of a shortened 1922 Model T touring body as a replacement for a runabout is the horizontal body reveal line that runs straight to the rear of the body rather than sweeping up with the back as on a runabout. Shown by the yellow arrow above.

Ivo T-Bucket

In 1956 Tommy Ivo would also have to resort to a 1925 Model T touring body rescued from the desert to build his legendary T-Bucket. Note the horizontal reveal above the yellow arrow.

Worth stopping here to think about two very interesting points:

  • The two most famous T-Buckets of all time were not built using the Model T runabout body that is considered by most as the standard for a T-Bucket.
  • Over 60 years ago, even in the semi-arid to desert climate of Southern California, which tends to preserve automotive sheet metal many decades longer than in the Midwest and Northeast, it was extremely hard to find a usable Model T runabout body. And those Model T’s were just a bit over 30 years old at the time.

What makes the 1926/27 T a T-Bucket, too

After understanding what makes the 1915 to 1925 Model T runabout and shortened touring a T-Bucket body, let’s look at the 1926/27 T.

1926/27 T a T-Bucket
Ad for the 1926 Ford Model T Runabout

The runabout body was still being offered in the Model T line after its first big body style change since 1915. Ken observers will note the new model is $5 cheaper than the 1924 model.

Cal Automotive Fiberglass Glass-Tee 27 T-Bucket and Austin Bantam

My one man’s opinion on why many are reluctant to refer to 1926/27 T’s as T-Buckets is because since the 1960s most all of the fiberglass 1926/27 T roadster bodies have been produced as a one-piece unit, with the turtle deck integral to the body. However, that was done more as a convenience and from an aesthetic standpoint by people like Curt Hamilton and Bud Lang at Cal Automotive.

1926/27 T a T-Bucket

As the image above notes, the turtle deck is a separate component on the 1926/27 Model T’s just as it was on the 1915-1925 Model T runabouts.

1926 Ford Model T Runabout turtle deck

You don’t see them very often by themselves, but the photo above shows a turtle deck for a 1926/27 T runabout.

1926/27 T a T-Bucket

In fact, in 1926 Ford offered the runabout roadster with a 56-inch long pickup bed in place of the turtle deck.

1927 T Roadster Charles Tunnell

It’s interesting to note that Charles Tunnell’s T roadster shown as the second picture in this story started out as a 1927 runabout bucket with an abbreviated pickup bed. Only much later was the bed replaced with a turtle deck.

1926/27 T a T-Bucket

Over the years, just a few companies offered the 1926/27 T-Bucket body by itself. From a practical standpoint, they’re a tad roomier than a ’23 T-Bucket body. But from the standpoint of looks they’re pretty boxy looking and the cowl looks kind of crude compared to the nicely tapered cowls of 1915-23 T-Bucket bodies. That’s why I don’t believe they’ve been very popular in the fiberglass body world.

So now you know that whether it’s a 1915, 1923 or 1926 T roadster you can call it a T-Bucket without hesitation. But, hey, it’s just a label and this is a sport open to creativity and an “anything goes” attitude. The point being, you can call them whatever you feel comfortable calling them as long as you’re encouraging and supporting the T-Bucket hobby.

John Morehead
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8 thoughts on “Is the 1926/27 T a T-Bucket? Let’s settle that and cover a few more things.”

  1. The T Bucket name sticks to all open T’s. A T roadster with a hood and side panels, I like to call a track roadster, for the old board tracks

  2. In 1966 I built my first hot rod a 27 T it was built in the T Bucket style. I had acquired a steel 27 body and ladder style tube frame that was some kind of an old race car there wasn’t a turtle deck or picket bed, firewall and floor had been cut out. I found a early turtle deck of around a 1914 vintage that I cut down to fit over the 5 gal gas tank. Took me 9 months to build and a total cost painted and upholstered of $900.00 did everthing myself except for the minimal Chrome work and upholstery, I learned a lot building that car. Since there were no original body or frame Vin numbers the car was registered in California as a 1967 model. The above blue 27 T pickup looks very close to what mine looked like, I always called it a T Bucket.

  3. The thing that gets my goat is when someone using a model A body calls it a T bucket.A T bucket is a model T.Further, no one knows the difference between a bucket and a tub.But the biggest of all, is when people don’t know what they have and register the car under the wrong year for the body style and market it that way.

  4. I have often wondered about calling a 26-27 t a t bucket . having owned a steel one for about 40 years and did not know what to call it , I have called it a bucket and in later years called it a roadster , now I know the facts and call it either one , thanks ronnie adkins

    • Thanks Kennese. Yes, this is a hobby and not a science. We shouldn’t get too wrapped up in the terminology itself, which originated with what one guy happened to say at one point in time. Fortunately, there’s no legal T-Bucket definition. From my own perspective, it applies more to the overall look and attitude. But, to each his own. I just hope we all enjoy the T-Bucket hobby.

      • You guys are too young to even grab the notion of a T bucket.First off, it has to be a Ford T . Next (bucket) means small, two Seater ( like a pail ). Then there’s the (tub) means larger 3 or more seater , like a bath tub, all referring to the body size. This is how it started way back ,by the first gen. that started building them. You can make a bucket out of any make, but you can’t call it a T bucket. T refers to the Ford model T.

  5. An excellent piece! I had previously not put much thought to it to be honest but likely subconsciously refrained from calling the 1926/27 Fords T-buckets until now. But the subject does come up and I’ve directed people to this article.

    • Thanks Bill. Yes, some people prefer to call 26/27’s T roadsters, which is fine — and which is also an appropriate term for ’15 to ’25 T’s. In essence, there’s no wrong answer, unless you’re referring to a Model A or Deuce as a T-Bucket, but you’d be surprised how many people do that as well.
      All the best,


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